You may have a poor appetite or have been eating less due to feeling unwell. If you are not getting enough nutrition to meet your body’s needs you will lose weight and could be at risk of malnutrition.
Malnutrition makes it more difficult for the body to fight illness and infection and can make us feel weak, tired and low in mood. To treat malnutrition we need to increase the energy (calories) and protein that we eat and drink.
Trying to include the 1,2,3 below can help increase your intake of energy (calories), protein and other nutrients.
Use fortified milk in place of normal milk throughout the day as a simple way of boosting nutritional intake without increasing volume. It can be used in hot and cold drinks, cereals, egg dishes, baking, sauces, soups and milk puddings.
Calories: 540 kcal
Nourishing snacks provide vital additional nutrition to those at risk of malnutrition and should be offered 2 to 3 times a day. A variety of sweet and savoury snacks is ideal, including a high calorie fortified snack. Below is our top recommended high calorie fortified snack.
To make, mix the dried skimmed milk powder and double cream with the thick and creamy yoghurt.
Calories: 300 kcal
Large portions of food can be overwhelming for those with a small appetite; small regular meals with added fortification are often better received. How to fortify some common foods:
|If you have||Fortify by adding|
|Cereal or porridge||Fortified milk*, cream, full-fat or Greek yoghurt*, honey, syrup, jam, sugar, dried fruit, ground nuts*|
|Scrambled eggs||Butter, fortified milk*, grated cheese*|
|Soups and stews||Grated cheese*, cream, dumplings or croutons|
|Mashed potato||Butter, olive oil, fortified milk*, grated cheese*, skimmed milk powder* or double cream|
|Cooked vegetables||Grated cheese* or creamy sauces, olive oil, butter, mayonnaise or salad cream|
|Salads||Grated cheese*, olive oil or salad dressing, mayonnaise or salad cream|
|Custard and milky puddings||Skimmed milk powder*, double cream, condensed milk*, honey, syrup, sugar, jam or dried fruit|
* high protein option
Alongside using the 1 2 3 approach, consider having 1 to 2 homemade fortified drinks a day. These can help in providing extra energy, protein and other nutrients. The following recipes provide similar calories and protein to many oral nutritional supplements. Try having them between meals and consider having in smaller ‘shots’ over the day if preferred.
Mix 2 heaped tablespoons of skimmed milk powder with 4 teaspoons of milkshake powder with added vitamins and minerals (Nesquik or Asda, Lidl and Morrisons alternative). Add 200mls of full-fat milk and 15mls double cream and stir well and blend.
Mix 2 heaped tablespoons of skimmed milk powder with 200mls full fat milk and heat until warm. Add 4 teaspoons of hot chocolate powder with added vitamins and minerals (for example Nesquik hot chocolate powder) and stir well. Add 15ml double cream or marshmallows, as desired.
Mix 40ml high juice cordial with 10g egg white powder, and then gradually add 180ml fruit juice (with added vitamins). Do not whisk.